An API, or Application Programming Interface, is a way of communication between various software components. It is a method in which applications give access to their data in a structured way, without the need of interacting with the user interface.
Basically, someone creates a software and gives you access to parts of it via an API.
Different types of APIs
Open APIs are APIs that are publicly available to any user.
It is also called public APIs which are available to any other users. Open APIs help external users to access the data and services. It is an open-source application programming interface in which we access with HTTP protocols.
Internal APIs are private APIs used by organisations to let applications communicate with each other.
Examples of internal APIs: Google Apps interacting with Knowledge Graph
Composite APIS are APIs that allow web developers to call multiple endpoints in one call.
Examples of composite APIS: shopping cart requiring multiple APIs for each feature
Partners APIs are APIs requiring the developer to have specific rights or licenses in order to access. Partner APIs are not available to the public.
API Architectures and Protocols
REST APIs, also known as Restful APIs, are web apis that conform to the requirements of REST architectural style and allow for interaction with RESTful web services.
RPC APIs, also known as Remote Procedure Call, APIs are the simplest types of API. There are two main types of RPC APIs.
- JSON-RPC: Remote procedure call encoded in JSON
- XML-RPC: Remote procedure call encoded in XML
SOAP APIs, also known as Simple Object Access Protocol APIs, uses the XML format to define the structure of the communication.
Example of APIs
There are so many APIs out there to count. The APIs I use the most are:
- Google APIs (Search Console API, Analytics API, YouTube API, Sheets API, Google Maps API, Knowledge Graph API, Pagespeed API)
- Social Media APIs (Reddit API, Facebook API, LinkedIn API, Twitter API)
- Business Sharing APIs: Slack API, Gmail API
- Content APIs: Wikipedia API, News API, Jobs API, Exchange rate API
- Other Marketing APIs: SEMRush API, Ahrefs API, Archive.org API, Yoast SEO API
How to Use APIs in Python
You can use Python to interact with various APIs. Here are a few tutorials that we’ve built for you.
Google Search Console API
- Authorise Requests to GSC API Using OAuth 2.0
- Get All Your Search traffic With Google Search Console API (With Code Sample)
- Get List of Verified Properties using Google Search Console API and Python
- Google Search Console (GSC) – Complete Guide
- Google Search Console API: Complete Guide (in 4 Chapters)
- How to Get Google Search Console API Keys
- How to Use Google Search Console API With Python
- How to use Google Search Console API with R
- Intro to GSC API with Python (Video)
- Upload Sitemaps to Google Search Console with the API (Python)
- What is Google Search Console API and How to Use It?
- Get Reddit API Credentials with PRAW
- How to use Reddit API With Python (Pushshift)
- Post on Reddit API With Python (PRAW)
- Reddit API with Python (Complete Guide)
- Reddit API Without API Credentials
- Reddit API’s JSON Documentation
- How to Post on LinkedIn API With Python
- LinkedIn API with Python (Complete Guide)
- LinkedIn API: Authenticate Using OAuth 2.0
- LinkedIn API: Get User Information
- LinkedIn API: Get Your OAuth Credentials
- Alert Robots.txt Changes to Slack using Python
- Get the Slack API Credentials (Webhooks)
- Send Message With Slack API and Python
- Slack API with Python (Complete Guide)
Don’t stop there. APIs offer a lot of opportunities and once you get the hang of it, they become quite easy to implement.
There are many interesting open APIs available out there, please share any interesting work that you have done with an API with me.